What is ATO?
ATO or Automatic Train Operation, can be commonly seen in metro systems such as LRT and MRT. These metro systems run on dedicated guideways (tunnel/elevated tracks) without a driver (GoA4). At RSE, we are running ATO at GoA2 on mainline railways. Mainline operations are characterised by a variety of train types and stop patterns, long distances in an open environment (on level tracks).
|Level||Descriptions||Example of mainline railways|
|GoA0||Driver drives on sight with no ATP||Tram in a city|
|GoA1||No ATO. Driver in full control under the supervision of ATP||ERL, KTMB|
|GoA2||With ATO. ATO controls driving and braking but driver can take over at any time.|
(Semi automatic Train Operation – STO)
From Level 3 onwards, the difference is more into how emergency situation is being dealt with
|GoA3||No driver is in the cab, but an attendant will be present in the train|
|GoA4||No driver nor attendant will be in the cab|
(Unattended Train Operation – UTO)
- Improving capacity
- Energy savings
- Timetable adherence